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What is Net Fabric | Types and End Uses of Net Fabric

Author: venusgeng
Mar. 22, 2023
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Definition of net fabric

 

 

Net or netting is an open mesh form of fabric construction that is held together by knots or fused thermoplastic yarns at each point where the yarn cross one another. There are several types of mesh; they are square, hexagonal, and octagonal. The range of mesh sizes is from coarse and opens to find and share. Netting may be made of any kind of fibre and may be given a soft or stiff sizing. Net fabrics are relatively fragile and require care in handling and cleaning. Torn net fabrics cannot be satisfactorily mended because the repair would be apparent. If the sizing is water-soluble, the fabric should be dry-cleaned.


Early nets were made by hand-knotting yarns at each point of intersection to produce a specific geometric pattern. Prior to 1809, nets were made by hand, but in that year a new machine produced knotted nets so like hand-knotted fabrics that few people could distinguish between them. The comparatively large mesh of knotted nets does not slip, spread or distort during use. Knotted nets are used for hammocks and fishing nets.

Early nets were made by hand-knotting yarns at each point of intersection to produce a specific geometric pattern. Prior to 1809, nets were made by hand, but in that year a new machine produced knotted nets so like hand-knotted fabrics that few people could distinguish between them. The comparatively large mesh of knotted nets does not slip, spread or distort during use. Knotted nets are used for hammocks and fishing nets.

 

          

 

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In recent years most light nets have been constructed on either Tricot or Raschel knitting machines, so the yarns are only interloped and not knotted. These knitted nets lack the stability of those constructed by knotting. Their primary use is in apparel, although some are used as decorative window hangings.

 

 

Types of Net Fabric

 

 

There is a variety of netting; some are produced under specific trademarks. Among the best-known standard fabrics are noted here. These nets are classified as bobbinet, fishnet, filet, maline or tulle.
 

 

Bobbinet –

 

It is a hexagonal mesh that may be very thin and transparent (bridal illusion) or fairly coarse and opaque (casement cloth), depending on the yarn count of the material used to produce it. Most bobbinet sold in the United States is produced in England and France.

 

 

 

Tulle –

 

It is a fine, stiff hexagonal net made from silk or nylon yarns. It is very similar to a bobbinet but lighter in weight than a bridal illusion; some references do not separate bobbinet and tulle. It is generally used for trimming or over draping of dress goods.

 

 

Fishnet –

It is a coarse open-mesh construction created by knotting the mesh in a manner similar to a fisherman’s knot.

 

 

Filet net –

It is made with a square mesh, and maline net, used in millinery, is a fine, very thin, diaphanous; open a diamond shape with hexagonal holes.

 

 

 

 

 

Uses of Net Fabric

 

 

 

 

a.

    

 

 

Netting is one of the key components of fishing in mass quantities. This textile is used because of its sturdy yet flexible origin, which can carry weight yet, still be lightweight and compactable. Fishermen use netting when trawling, because it is sturdy enough to carry large amounts of weight as fish are trapped, pulled, then lifted out of water.

 

 

 

b.

    

 

 

Net is also used in medical practices to provide fabric insulation and wrapping under an industry-standard sling. In medical practice, netting provides cushion and protection, when used in layers, but still allows the skin to breathe under the fabric.

 

 

 

c.

     

 

 

Depending on what the netting is being used for, a different wax or plastic coating can be applied in order to cover the filaments that use up the yarn. Filaments can be made from synthetic or natural fibres, but that is all up to the manufacturer when deciphering what the future of the textile entails. When netting is going to be exposed to water or heat often, manufacturers consider that and apply what best fits that textile.

 

 

 

d.

    

 

 

Net is commonly used in camping tents. Air can easily pass through the holes, which allow breathability that doesn’t trap bacteria, and remain impermeable to pests and insects.

 

 

 

e.

    

 

 

Netting is often used for luggage bags to create transparent, breathable compartments that allow people to store items.

 

 

An Overview of Net Fabrics – Its History, Construction, and Types

Net fabrics can be made using any sort of fiber by fusing, looping, or knotting yarns in a way that it crosses one another with spaces in between the threads. Fashionable netting feature shapes such as plain square, hexagonal, or even octagonal mesh.

Netting can be soft or rigid in terms of sizing and are popularly used to make ethnic wears, jerseys, and other such types of clothing. Net fabric is generally used to form sections of readymade garment or can layer a sturdy fabric for covering the entire garment. Below is some trivia regarding the origin of net fabrics, and the styles of construction.

History of Net Fabrics

Garments having an element of net fabric actually trace back to the Mughal period in India and western civilizations. Early nets were made by hand knotting yarns over one another with the intention of producing a certain geometric pattern on the fabric. In earlier times, net fabric was made using bare hands, and a machine was invented by John Heathcoat in 1809 to make net fabrics and woven ones almost indistinguishable to the naked eye.

Modern net fabric is made using tricot machines or Raschel machines, which would interlope the yarns and not knit it. The relatively larger knotted net fabric will not slip when in use, neither it is subject to spreading or distortions.

Types of Net Fabrics

There is an array of traditional net fabrics, some patented under certain trademarks. Below are two of the most common types of net fabrics sold in the United States textile segment.

Bobbinet

These are made using hexagonal net that renders transparently thin texture or coarsely opaque as per the number of yarn used in production. Thin bobbinet is mostly bridal wears, but the fabric can feature stone or pearl embroidery since the sturdy material supports spread embellishments. Such fabrics are usually made in countries such as England and France and then imported to the US.

Tulle

This is another finely stiff hexagonal mesh made of silk or raw nylon yarns. Tulle fabric is similar in looks to the bobbinet, is transparently thin, and is stiffer in comparison. Much like bobbinet, this type of fabric would render like a bridal illusion wear. It is usually used to trim or drape fabrics on clothing, which are lightweight, and are usually worn by women. Owing to the similarity in manufacturing and use, many people term tulle as bobbinet.

Netting Fabric - A Definitive Guide To This Versatile Material

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